Sunday, October 12, 2014

 

Strong cyclone lashes India; typhoon hits Japan

A powerful cyclone was lashing a large swath of India's eastern seaboard with heavy rain and strong winds on Sunday, uprooting trees, snapping power cables and killing at least two people, one of two storms pounding Asia.



What’s the difference between a hurricane, cyclone and a typhoon?Both a hurricane and a typhoon are tropical cyclones.  The only difference between them is that a hurricane originates in the Atlantic Ocean or Caribbean Sea , and a typhoon originates in the western Pacific or Indian oceans.

In Japan, at least 35 people were reported injured as Typhoon Vongfong, packing winds of up to 180 kilometers (110 miles) per hour and heavy rain, hit the southern island of Okinawa and was aiming at the island of Kyushu, where authorities told 150,000 people to evacuate.

Cyclone Hudhud had winds of 195 kilometers (120 miles) per hour when the edge of the storm hit land after sweeping through the Bay of Bengal, Chief Staff Officer of India's Eastern Naval Command Rear Admiral S.K. Grewal told reporters. The cyclone's wind speed dipped to about 160 kph (100 mph), but was expected to pick up again later Sunday, he said.

Visakhapatnam, one of the largest cities in southern India and a major naval base, was bearing the brunt of the cyclone's fury.

At least 400,000 people were evacuated from the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa states, and hundreds of shelters were set up to house them.

Experts said the storm was likely to cause widespread devastation along nearly 300 kilometers (185 miles) of India's coast. Television footage from Visakhapatnam showed downed electrical poles, uprooted trees and massive debris strewn in the streets.

Electricity lines were disconnected in parts of Andhra Pradesh to avoid electrocutions, said Arvind Kumar, a relief and rescue official.

Four districts in Andhra Pradesh that are home to more than 14 million people — Srikakulam, Vijayanagaram, Visakhapatnam and East Godavari — were likely to be worst hit, including about 350 coastal villages.

At least two people were killed in the cyclone — one when a wall collapsed in Visakhapatnam, and the other when a tree toppled over in Srikakulam.

Grewal said 30 diving and 20 rescue teams were on standby. Hundreds of rescuers from India's National Disaster Response Force were also spread out across Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.

India's meteorological department said Sunday afternoon that the cyclone would weaken over the next 12 hours, with wind speeds gradually decreasing. But heavy rain was expected to lash Andhra Pradesh and Orissa for another three days. Other parts of central and northeastern India were also expected to see heavy rain.

The Indian Ocean is a cyclone hot spot. Of the 35 deadliest storms in recorded history, 27 have come through the Bay of Bengal — and have landed in either India or Bangladesh. In 1999, a cyclone devastated Orissa's coastline and killed at least 10,000 people.

While India has a disastrous record of response to natural calamities, it managed last October to safely evacuate nearly a million people out of the path of Cyclone Phailin, the strongest tropical storm to hit India in more than a decade. Phailin destroyed hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of crops after it made landfall in Orissa, but claimed only about 25 lives.

Japan's Meteorological Agency said Typhoon Vongfong could reach the Tokyo area by Tuesday.

Strong winds from the storm knocked out power lines and toppled traffic signals and signposts on Sunday, and bullet train service was halted for several hours on Kyushu island. Authorities issued landslide warnings.

West Japan Railway Co., which operates trains in central Japan in the area surrounding the ancient capital of Kyoto, said that some train services would be shut down starting Monday afternoon because of the typhoon, and that the disruptions could continue through Tuesday.

The U.S. military on Okinawa, where last week's typhoon killed three U.S. airmen who were washed out at sea, instructed personnel and their families to remain indoors Sunday until strong winds and rain subsided.
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